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As a result, today we can congratulate ourselves that the extent of protected areas is equal to or greater than India and China combined, even though the conservation effort has slowly reached freshwater, coastal and marine ecosystems.
Recognizing that environmental movements gave way to a vigorous discussion about the development model adopted by humanity, its consequences for the future and the right of future generations to enjoy them, resulted in the fact that today we can discuss the right head-on. to a healthy environment as a human right, is to recognize what still needs to be done in the field of conservationism and the need to continue pushing towards its social evolution.
It is from this effort that today the daily discussion of environmental issues, aggressions towards ecosystems, open rejection towards devastation and environmental damage is something that can be observed permanently within society.
The environmental movement, environmentalism acquires a fundamental weight and begins to define policies and directions, acquires a more relevant and respectable role between the government and the people day by day, a role from which the media have not been absent.
However, there are still places, regions, corners of this planet that face reluctance and abandonment; places where apathy is stronger than the decision to deepen conservation work and the daily struggle to make the human right to the environment a reality
One of these places is the Los Mármoles National Park, located in the municipality of Zimapan, in the central Mexican state of Hidalgo, 126 kilometers from the city of Pachuca de Soto, its capital.
This area decreed on September 8, 1936 by the then president of the republic Lázaro Cárdenas del Río, with the category of national park to achieve the perpetual conservation of natural resources and the scenic beauty of the Barranca de San Vicente and Cerro de Cangandó .
Since then until now, the park has lacked Management Plans and Advisory Council to guide and direct the use of the region's resources, among which two dahlias stand out.
However, in 1990, after authorizing the construction of the Zimapan dam in the areas surrounding this protected natural area, the then Secretary of Urban Development and Ecology (SEDUE) established the first conditions in search of conserving the region among which was the construction of an In Situ Botanical Garden in which it was sought to recover those species that due to their status were within the conservation assumption within the area in which they develop naturally.
From then on, a profound transformation of the park began, characterized by the irregular exploitation of marble, clandestine logging, failure to comply with restoration measures, crowned by the neglect and apathy of the state and federal governments over seven decades; abandonment that is plastically reflected in the decrease in forest cover, over-exploitation of marble banks and in the almost total depletion of the local fauna, mainly the white-tailed deer.
As of the year 2000, the formal defense of the park began, seeking above all to stop the destruction of its 23,150 hectares of which more than 40 percent present severe and in some cases irreversible damage.
The first measure at that time was the complaint for illegal exploitation of marble, filed almost simultaneously by the Sociedad Ecologista Hidalguense and the Botanical Garden of the National Autonomous University of Mexico and later by the delegation of the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT ).
However, the problem of the park is not the irregular exploitation or clandestine logging, but rather the lack of definition in terms of its administration and the generation of restoration and / or conservation policies that must be carried out within it, this due to the fact that up to now the The entity's government has not formally accepted its responsibility for it.
Today, the Marmoles National Park faces the greatest threat, the decision of the entity's government to achieve the reversive sense of the decree that originates it, instead of facing the problems of the place and seeking to consolidate it in a real way as a natural area.
In its first article, the decree establishes that "the region comprising the" Barranca de San Vicente "and" Cerro de Cangandó "is declared a National Park, destined for the perpetual conservation of forest resources and wildlife, with an area of 23,150 (twenty-three thousand one hundred fifty) hectares with the name of LOS MÁRMOLES National Park ".
In its recategorization proposal, the government of the entity has proposed that it be classified as a flora and fauna protection area, so that in this way a conservation area can be established that does not go beyond 2,000 hectares of such so that more than 20 thousand hectares would be left out of protection and conservation schemes and open for forestry and mining, mainly.
Proposal has been cherished for more than 3 years by the State Council of Ecology and the Hidalgo government, who in an understandable way have not been able to promote the construction of an adequate Management Plan for the Los Mármoles National Park, but they already have a proposal for a flora and fauna conservation area with a management plan proposal, despite and against the possible violations that may be incurred, because Mexican legislation prohibits the construction of conservation areas within the already existing existing.
However, if the main threat to Los Mármoles National Park is abandonment and apathy, the main threat to Hidalgo is their own government and the body responsible for ensuring their right to live in an adequate and healthy environment.
If the possibility of recategorizing the Los Mármoles National Park prospers, we are at the beginning of the formal reduction of protected natural areas and the reduction of their importance as public policy promoting development. Let's work together so that this is not the case.